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ICE EFFECTS ON STREAMFLOW
The formation of ice on rivers can cause discharge values to appear unusually high. Display of these erroneous discharge data may result in improper assessment of flow conditions and misuse of the data. For this reason, display of discharge values for streams significantly affected by ice may be disabled from view. Display of discharge data will resume when ice conditions are no longer present. Discharge values for streams minimally affected by ice will continue to be displayed. Flows for streams with these conditions appear to increase during the night and decrease to near-base-line conditions around midday. To estimate the correct discharge for these streams, use the flow rate that corresponds to the bottom of the discharge curve, rather than the peak that corresponds to the top of the curve. Note that this method of estimation is possible only when no surface runoff is occurring. Daily mean discharges for periods of both significant and minimal ice-effect will be estimated and published in the Annual Water-Data Report for the water year in which they occurred.
LOCATION--Lat 42o42'04", long
72o01'51.01", Worcester County, Hydrologic Unit
01080202, 50 ft east of Forristall Road, 0.2 miles north of Elmwood
Road, and 1.6 miles northeast of Winchendon.
AQUIFER--Sand and gravel, glaciated regions; ice contact deposits aquifer.
WELL CHARACTERISTICS--Augered observation water-table well, diameter 2.0 in, depth 13.5 ft.
INSTRUMENTATION--Data Collection Platform with celluar telephone telemeter, September 2017 to current year.
Monthly measurement prior to September 2017.
DATUM--Elevation of land-surface datum is 1,208.97 ft above NAVD 1988.
Measuring point: 3.80 ft. top of casing of aluminum shelter.
PERIOD OF RECORD--October 1939 to current year. Monthly measurement prior to September 2017.
Published in Massachusetts Hydrologic-Data Report No. 17, October 1974.
COOPERATION BY--Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Office of Water Resources.
Click here to view values used in "Frimpter Method" estimates, OWmax and OWr values and topographic and lithologic settings.
Click here to view most recent monthly and daily groundwater levels (OWc values for "Frimpter Method" estimates) and for monthly and historical statistics.