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ICE EFFECTS ON STREAMFLOW
The formation of ice on rivers can cause discharge values to appear unusually high. Display of these erroneous discharge data may result in improper assessment of flow conditions and misuse of the data. For this reason, display of discharge values for streams significantly affected by ice may be disabled from view. Display of discharge data will resume when ice conditions are no longer present. Discharge values for streams minimally affected by ice will continue to be displayed. Flows for streams with these conditions appear to increase during the night and decrease to near-base-line conditions around midday. To estimate the correct discharge for these streams, use the flow rate that corresponds to the bottom of the discharge curve, rather than the peak that corresponds to the top of the curve. Note that this method of estimation is possible only when no surface runoff is occurring. Daily mean discharges for periods of both significant and minimal ice-effect will be estimated and published in the Annual Water-Data Report for the water year in which they occurred.
LOCATION--Lat 42° 32’09", long 72°
39’14", Franklin County, Hydrologic Unit 01080203, on right
bank 0.4 mi downstream from South River, 1.2 mi west of West Deerfield,
2.5 mi west of Deerfield, and 9.2 mi upstream from mouth.
DRAINAGE AREA--557 mi2.
PERIOD OF RECORD--Discharge: March to November 1904, January 1905, March to December 1905, October 1940 to current year, published as "at Deerfield" 1904–5.
Water-quality records: June 1994.
REVISED RECORDS--WDR MA-RI-84-1: drainage area. WDR MA-RI-92-1: 1991.
GAGE--Data Collection Platform with satellite telemeter. Datum of gage is 154.46 ft above NAVD 1988, estimated from topographic map. Datum previously reported as 155 ft above NGVD 1929, estimated from topographic map. Prior to Dec. 16, 1905, non-recording gage at site 1.5 mi downstream at different datum.
REMARKS--Flow regulated since 1913 by Somerset Reservoir, since 1924 by Harriman Reservoir, and by several powerplants upstream. Satellite gage-height telemeter at station.
COOPERATION BY--Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Office of Water Resources.
|For more information on the areal exent and depth of flood inundation during flooding at and near this streamgage go to the Flood Inundation Mapper|
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Value Mar 2