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USGS Groundwater Data for Montana

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Questions or concerns about USGS streamflow data in Montana and Wyoming can be directed to Kirk Miller (kmiller@usgs.gov; 307-775-9168).

Updated April 16, 2018 - USGS streamflow monitoring was reactivated with partner funding at the following site effective April 16, 2018: USGS water-resources monitoring could be discontinued at the following sites effective June 30, 2018:
  • 12324200 Clark Fork at Deer Lodge, MT (annual streamflow)
  • 12324680 Clark Fork at Gold Creek, MT (annual streamflow)
USGS water-resources monitoring will be discontinued at the following sites effective October 1, 2018:
  • 06024540 Big Hole R bel Mudd Cr nr Wisdom, MT (seasonal water temperature)
  • 06040000 Madison R nr Cameron, MT (seasonal streamflow and water temperature)
  • 06114700 Judith R nr mouth nr Winifred, MT (seasonal streamflow)
  • 06308400 Pumpkin Cr nr Miles City, MT (annual streamflow, water temperature, and sampling)
USGS monitoring activities at these sites were funded by partner agencies. Lack of partner funding for these sites resulted in discontinuation of all streamgaging activities.

(7 sites)

Current conditions at selected sites based on the most recent data from on-site automated recording equipment. Measurements are commonly recorded at a fixed interval of 15- to 60-minutes and transmitted to the USGS every hour. Values may include "Approved" (quality-assured data that may be published) and/or more recent "Provisional" data (of unverified accuracy and subject to revision). Most current data are provisional.

(25 sites)

The same data accessed by the Current Conditions link above but including both active and discontinued sites with data for any part of the period October 1, 2007, through the present. Values may include "Approved" (quality-assured data that may be published) and/or more recent "Provisional" data (of unverified accuracy and subject to revision).

(42 sites)

Summary of all data for each day for the period of record and may represent the daily mean, median, maximum, minimum, and/or other derived value. Values may include "Approved" (quality-assured data that may be published) and/or more recent "Provisional" data (of unverified accuracy and subject to revision). Example.

(40 sites)

Statistics are computed from approved daily mean data at each site. These links provide summaries of approved historical daily values for daily, monthly, and annual (water year or calendar year) time periods.

(19,432 sites)
Manual measurements of depth to water in wells.

The USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) contains extensive water data for the Nation. Public access to many of these data is provided via NWISWeb (additional background).

The Ground-Water database consists of more than 850,000 records of wells, springs, test holes, tunnels,drains, and excavations in the United States. Available site descriptive information includes well location information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer.
The USGS annually monitors ground-water levels in thousands of wells in the United States. Ground-water level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders. Data from some of the continuous record stations are relayed to USGS offices nationwide through telephone lines or by satellite transmissions providing access to realtime ground-water data. Once a complete day of readings are received from a site, daily summary data are generated and made available online. Annually, the USGS finalizes and publishes the daily data in a series of water-data reports.