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Water-Year Summary for Site 01638500

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  • Water-Year Summary reports summarize a year of hydrologic data in a printer-friendly format.
  • For water years 2014 onward, choose a water year and parameter and an on-demand Water-Year Summary report will be generated.
  • For water years 2006 through 2013, choose a water year and an Annual Water Data Report will be provided.
  • For water years 2005 and earlier, Annual Water Data Reports may be available in digital format.
  • Not all sites have reports available for every water year.
Available Parameters
00010 Temperature, water(Mean,Max.,Min.)  
00060 Discharge(Mean)  
00095 Specific cond at 25C(Max.,Min.,Mean)  
00300 Dissolved oxygen(Max.,Min.,Mean)  
00400 pH(Max.,Med.,Min.)  
63680 Turbidity, Form Neph(Mean,Max.,Min.)  

Water year 2023: 2022-10-01 to 2023-09-30

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USGS Water-Year Summary 2023
LOCATION - Lat 39°16'24.9", long 77°32'35.2" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, Frederick County, MD, Hydrologic Unit 02070008, on left bank at downstream side of bridge on U.S. Highway 15 at Point of Rocks, 0.3 mi downstream from Catoctin Creek (Virginia), 6 mi upstream from Monocacy River, and at mile 159.5.
DRAINAGE AREA - 9,651 mi².
REVISIONS HISTORY - WSP 192: 1895-1905. WSP 1432: 1899, 1901-2, 1904-5, 1912, 1914(M), 1915, 1917(M), 1918, 1919(M), 1920, 1921-23(M), 1924, 1925-28(M), 1930(M).
PERIOD OF RECORD - February 1895 to current year.
GAGE - Water-stage recorder and crest-stage gage. Datum of gage is 199.92 ft above North American Vertical Datum of 1988. Prior to Oct. 28, 1929, nonrecording gage at same site. Prior to Sept. 2, 1902, at gage datum about 0.45 ft higher.
  • Water Years 2017-2023: Records good, except those for estimated discharges, which are poor.
  • Water Years 2014-2016: Records good, except those for estimated daily discharges, which are poor.
  • Water Year 2013 and prior years' accuracy statements can be found in Annual Water Data Reports.

  • Low flow affected slightly from 1913 to July 1981 by Stony River Reservoir; since December 1950 by Savage River Reservoir (see station 01597500); and since July 1981 by Jennings Randolph Lake. Low flow affected extensively at times by run-of-the-river hydroelectric plants. U.S. Geological Survey satellite data-collection platform at station.
    EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD - Flood of June 2, 1889, reached a stage of 40.2 ft, from floodmarks, discharge, about 460,000 ft³/s from rating curve extended above 300,000 ft³/s, on basis of adjustment of figure of peak flow at station near Washington for inflow and storage, and slope-area measurement of peak flow.
    PERIOD OF RECORD - May 2021 to current year.
    INSTRUMENTATION - YSI EXO2 multiparameter sonde. 
    REMARKS - Missing record due to periodic instrument malfunction or times when the sensor is being serviced.  Occasional localized spikes in water quality data can be caused from boating, fishing, swimming, and other recreational activities, as well as high winds.  These localized spikes are believed to be real, though they may not be representative of the entire river.  Due to the width of the river, braided channel upstream of the gage, and inflows coming into the river upstream of the gage, the continuous water quality data may not be representative of the entire river at all times.

    WATER TEMPERATURE: Maximum, 32.3°C, July 23, 2022; minimum, -0.1°C, several days during 2022 and 2023 Water Years. SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE: Maximum, 470 microsiemens/cm, Nov. 14, 2022; minimum, 126 microsiemens/cm, September 23, 2021. DISSOLVED OXYGEN: Maximum, 17.2 mg/L, Dec. 1, 2021; Minimum, 3.7 mg/L, July 29, 2021. pH: Maximum, 9.0 standard units, several days in 2022 Water Year and Aug. 2, 2023; Minimum, 7.3 standard units, September 23, 2021. TURBIDITY: Maximum, 628 FNU, December 23, 2022; Minimum, 0.3 FNU, November 4, 2022.