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Water-Year Summary for Site 03451000

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  • Water-Year Summary reports summarize a year of hydrologic data in a printer-friendly format.
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Available Parameters
00060 Discharge(Max.,Min.,Mean)  
00065 Gage height(Min.,Max.,Mean)  

Water year 2018: 2018-10-01 to 2019-09-30
 

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USGS Water-Year Summary 2018
03451000 SWANNANOA RIVER AT BILTMORE, NC
LOCATION - Lat 35°34'06", long 82°32'41" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, Buncombe County, NC, Hydrologic Unit 06010105, at Biltmore, Buncombe County, 100 ft downstream from Biltmore Avenue Bridge, 200 ft upstream from Southern Railway Bridge,900 ft downstream from Sweeten Creek, and 1.6 miles above mouth
DRAINAGE AREA - 130 mi².
REVISIONS HISTORY - WSP 803: 1921, 1923-26, maximum discharge. WSP 823: Drainage area. WSP 1306: 1921, 1924, 1926, maximum discharge.
SURFACE-WATER RECORDS
PERIOD OF RECORD - October 1920 to September 1926, May 1934 to current year. Monthly discharge only for some periods, published in WSP 1306.
GAGE - Water-stage recorder and concrete control. Datum of gage is 1,976.58 ft above National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (levels by Tennessee Valley Authority). December 1, 1920, to September 30, 1926, nonrecording gage at site 100 ft upstream at same datum. Satellite telemetry at streamgage.
REMARKS - Considerable regulation from 1925-50 (reservoir silted) by Lake Craig, 3.6 mi upstream from station. High stages are subject to backwater from French Broad River. Records for those above 6,500 ft³/s are considered poor.
2014 - Records good except those for estimated daily discharges, which are fair. 
2015 - Records fair except those for estimated daily discharges, which are poor.
2016 - Records good except those for estimated daily discharges, which are poor. 
2017 - Records good except those for estimated discharges, which are fair.
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD - Maximum stage observed: 26 ft; discharge: 40,000 ft³/s in April 1791, from studies by Tennessee Valley Authority. Flood of July 1916 reached a stage of 20.7 ft; discharge, 23,000 ft³/s, from flood profile by Tennessee Valley Authority. Flood of August 16, 1928 reached a stage of 18.74 ft, from floodmarks; discharge, 17,800 ft³/s.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF RECORD - Maximum discharge from rating curve extended above 9,100 ft³/s on basis of computation of peak flow over dam 3.6 mi upstream from station.