USGS Water-Year Summary 2020
03456991 PIGEON RIVER NEAR CANTON, NC
LOCATION - Lat 35°31'19", long 82°50'53" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, Haywood County, NC, Hydrologic Unit 06010106, Lat 35o31'19", long 82o50'53", Haywood County, (Quad. 183 SE), on right bank 600 ft upstream from Hwy 215 bridge, 1.3 miles upstream from U.S. Highways 19 and 23 at Canton, and at mile 64.9.
DRAINAGE AREA - 130 mi². 130 mi².
- WSP 823: Drainage area. WSP 853: 1929-37(M). WSP 1306: 1903(M). WDR NC-91-1: 1984-89(M).
PERIOD OF RECORD - May 1907 to June 1909, October 1928 to current year. Monthly discharge only for some periods published in WSP 1306. May 1907 to June 1909, October 1928 to September 1983, published as "Pigeon River at Canton, NC" (03457000).
GAGE - Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is 2,581.6 ft above National Geodetic Vertical Datim of 1988. Prior to June 1909, nonrecording gage at bridge 1.2 mi downstream at different datum. December 6, 1928, to January 3, 1929, nonrecording gage at site 0.8 mi downstream at different datum. Prior to October 1, 1983, water-stage recorder at site 0.8 mi downstream at different datum. Satellite and telephone telemetry at streamgage.
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD - Flood of about 1810 is believed to have been approximately equal to that of August 30, 1940, and flood of June 15, 1876, reached a gage height of 18.3 ft; discharge, 25,700 ft³/s, at former site, from studies by Tennessee Valley Authority.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF RECORD - Maximum discharge from rating curve extended above 20,000 ft³/s on basis of slope-area measurement of peak flow.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD PRIOR TO REGULATION - Prior to regulation, maximum discharge: 21,500 ft³/s, August 16, 1928; gage height: 16.40 ft; minimum discharge: 39 ft³/s, September 3, 1930.
PERIOD OF RECORD - July 2012 to current year.
PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD - WATER TEMPERATURE: July 2012 to current year.
INSTRUMENTATION - Temperature probe since July 2012. Satellite telemetry and land line telephone modem at station.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD - WATER TEMPERATURE: Maximum recorded, 27.1°C, July 28, 2016; minimum recorded, -0.1°C, periodically in winter months.