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The 15-minute precipitation data for this station are temporary and will only be displayed for 120 days. Although the instrumentation is calibrated at least once/year, the temporary classification means that documented routine inspections and other quality assurance measures are not performed that would make the data acceptable for archival, retrieval, or future use in general scientific or interpretive studies.


LOCATION.--Lat 42°27'48", long 78°56'03" referenced to North American Datum of 1983, Erie County, NY, Hydrologic Unit 04120102, on right bank 15 ft upstream from bridge on State Highways 39 and 62 at Gowanda, 4.2 mi downstream from South Branch, and 17.8 mi upstream from mouth.
DRAINAGE AREA.--436 mi2.
PERIOD OF RECORD.--November 1939 to March 1998, October 1999 to current year.
REVISED RECORDS.--WSP 2112: Datum. WDR NY-71-1: 1956 (M). WDR NY-74-1: 1940-42 (P). WDR NY-82-3: Drainage area. WDR-US-2009: 1990-98 (P), 2000-08 (P).
GAGE.--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is 738.85 ft above NGVD of 1929. Prior to May 29, 2011, at site 470 ft downstream at same datum.
REMARKS.--Diurnal fluctuation at low and medium flow caused by powerplant 20 mi upstream from station. Water Year 2014-15: Records good except those for estimated daily discharges, which are fair.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF RECORD.--Maximum discharge, 34,600 ft3/s, Mar. 7, 1956, gage height, 14.14 ft; minimum discharge, about 6 ft3/s, Aug. 21, 1941, result of regulation; minimum gage height, 0.90 ft, Oct. 26, 1951.
PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD1.-- WATER TEMPERATURE: June 2011 to current year.
SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE: June 2011 to current year. pH: June 2011 to current year. DISSOLVED OXYGEN: June 2011 to current year. TURBIDITY: June 2011 to current year.
INSTRUMENTATION1.--Refrigerated automatic sampler since June 2011. Multi-parameter water-quality sonde measures water temperature, specific conductance, pH, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity at 15-minute intervals since June 2011.
COOPERATION1.--In cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI).
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD1.--WATER TEMPERATURE: Maximum, 33.0°C, July 22, 2011; minimum, -0.1°C, on several days.
SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE: Maximum, 590 uS/cm @ 25°C, Sept. 20, 21, 2011; minimum, 122 uS/cm @ 25°C, Oct. 28, 29 2011. pH: Maximum, 8.9, Apr. 29, 30, May 1, 2013; minimum, 7.7, Jan 29, 2013. DISSOLVED OXYGEN: Maximum, 14.7 mg/L, Jan. 8, 9, 2013; minimum, 6.7 mg/L, July 17, 2012. TURBIDITY: Maximum, >1,380 FNU, May 29, 2013; minimum, 3.0 FNU, Aug. 21, 22, 2013.[>, actual value is known to be greater than the value shown].
1 Water-Quality Records

Peak Flow and Stage Information

Gage Photo


This station managed by the NY Water Science Center Ithaca.

Available Parameters Available Period
All 8 Available Parameters for this site
00010 Temperature, water 2011-06-02  2017-05-26
00060 Discharge 1990-10-01  2017-05-26
00065 Gage height 2017-01-26  2017-05-26
00095 Specific cond at 25C 2011-06-03  2017-05-26
00300 Dissolved oxygen 2011-06-03  2017-05-26
00400 pH 2011-06-03  2017-05-26
63680 Turbidity, Form Neph 2011-06-03  2017-05-26
99234 Autosampler count 2017-01-26  2017-05-26

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Summary of all available data for this site
Instantaneous-data availability statement

Discharge, cubic feet per second

Most recent instantaneous value: 1070 05-26-2017   11:15 EST
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Daily discharge, cubic feet per second -- statistics for May 26 based on 75 years of record more
Median Mean 75th
Most Recent
Value May 26
206 280 398 593 629 1070 4040

Gage height, feet

Most recent instantaneous value: 2.95 05-26-2017   11:15 EST
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