This station is operated in cooperation
Lat 44°59'46", long 73°21'37"
referenced to North American Datum of 1927, Clinton County, NY,
Hydrologic Unit 04150409, on left bank at outlet of Lake Champlain in
Rouses Point, and 1.0 mi south of Fort Montgomery ruins.
PERIOD OF RECORD.--
March 1871 to current year (daily gage
heights prior to October 1970, elevations thereafter: those for
1871-1907 published in WSP 894). Gage heights prior to Oct. 1, 1925,
published as "Richelieu River at Fort Montgomery, Rouses
Point". Maximum and minimum monthly gage heights for October 1863
to December 1870 at St. Johns, Quebec (published in WSP 97) are not
considered part of the current period of record since that location is
about 22 mi north of Rouses Point. Discharge records for January 1875
to September 1916 at "Chambly, Quebec," published in WSP 65,
82, 97, 129, 170, 206, 424, and 1307 have been found to be unreliable
and should not be used. Daily discharge record for "Richelieu
River at Fryers Rapids, Quebec," published in Water Survey of
Canada annual reports.
Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is NGVD of 1929. To
convert elevations to NAVD of 1988, subtract 0.43 ft. Prior to May
1923, nonrecording gage located in Fort Montgomery, and May 1923 to
October 1938, nonrecording gage at present site. Prior to October 1970,
at datum 93.00 ft higher.
Area of lake surface about 490 mi². Total volume below
92.5 ft elevation, reported by Lake Champlain Studies Center, 902.2 bil
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF RECORD.--
Maximum elevation, 103.20 ft,
May 6, 2011; minimum elevation observed, 92.17 ft, present datum, Oct.
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD.--
Maximum elevation known
since at least 1827, 102.1 ft, May 4, 1869, from marks at railroad
bridge near present gage, according to data published on p. 428 of the
Report of the Board of Engineers on Deep Waterways, 1900: U.S. 56th
Cong., 2d sess. H. Doc. 149.
Peak Flow and Stage Information
NAVD 1988 Datum Conversion Information
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