LOCATION.--Lat 44°59'46", long
73°21'37" referenced to North American Datum of 1927,
Clinton County, NY, Hydrologic Unit 04150409, on left bank at
outlet of Lake Champlain in Rouses Point, and 1.0 mi south of
Fort Montgomery ruins.
DRAINAGE AREA.--8,277 mi².
PERIOD OF RECORD.--March 1871 to current year (daily
gage heights prior to October 1970, elevations thereafter:
those for 1871-1907 published in WSP 894). Gage heights prior
to Oct. 1, 1925, published as "Richelieu River at Fort
Montgomery, Rouses Point". Maximum and minimum monthly
gage heights for October 1863 to December 1870 at St. Johns,
Quebec (published in WSP 97) are not considered part of the
current period of record since that location is about 22 mi
north of Rouses Point. Discharge records for January 1875 to
September 1916 at "Chambly, Quebec," published in WSP
65, 82, 97, 129, 170, 206, 424, and 1307 have been found to be
unreliable and should not be used. Daily discharge record for
"Richelieu River at Fryers Rapids, Quebec," published
in Water Survey of Canada annual reports.
GAGE.--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is NGVD of
1929. To convert elevations to NAVD of 1988, subtract 0.43 ft.
Prior to May 1923, nonrecording gage located in Fort
Montgomery, and May 1923 to October 1938, nonrecording gage at
present site. Prior to October 1970, at datum 93.00 ft
REMARKS.--Area of lake surface about 490 mi². Total
volume below 92.5 ft elevation, reported by Lake Champlain
Studies Center, 902.2 bil ft³.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF RECORD.--Maximum elevation,
103.20 ft, May 6, 2011; minimum elevation observed, 92.17 ft,
present datum, Oct. 23, 1941.
EXTREMES OUTSIDE PERIOD OF RECORD.--Maximum elevation
known since at least 1827, 102.1 ft, May 4, 1869, from marks at
railroad bridge near present gage, according to data published
on p. 428 of the Report of the Board of Engineers on Deep
Waterways, 1900: U.S. 56th Cong., 2d sess. H. Doc. 149.